Spanish Adjectives (regular in location)

August 11, 2008 by

An adjectives is used to describe the noun, be it an article or a person.

In English the adjective is placed before the noun,

In Spanish, more often than not, they are placed after the noun.

Adjectives must show agreement of gender (masculine, feminine) and  number (singular or plural) with the person or thing
they describe.

Singular Spanish Adjectives
Some examples are;

(1) la puerta verde = the green door
(2) el coche azul= the blue car.
(3) el es inglés = he is English.
(4) ella es inglesa= she is English.

Plural Spanish Adjectives
If the noun is in the plural form the adjective must conform and by also taking the plural form.

Remember that to make a noun plural; —-

Nouns that end in a vowel, (a,e,i,e,u) ——- add an "s" to the end.
Nouns that end in a consonant, (b,c,d,f)  —- add ‘es’ to the end

The adjective follows the same rules’

Adjectives that end in a vowel,—— add an ‘s to the end.
Adjectives that end in a consonant,—add ‘es’ to the end.

Examples are;

(1) las puertas verdes = the green doors.
(2) los coches azules =  the blue cars.
(3) ellos son españoles = they are English. (masc’)
(4) ellas son españoles = they are English. (fem’)

The following always go after the noun; colours and nationalities

for example;

(1) el barco rojo  =  the red boat.
(2) la flora amarilla  =  the yellow flower.
(3) el hombre español  =  the Spanish man.
(4) la mujer inglesa  =  the English lady.

There are some adjectives that are neutral and they also go after the noun.

for example;

feliz (happy), triste (sad), elegante (elegant), facil (easy), difícil (difficult/hard).

(1) el/ella está feliz = he/she is happy, (singular).
—-ellos/ellas están felices = they are happy, (plural, note that ‘z’ changes to ‘c’).
(2) el/ella está triste = he/she is sad, (singular).
—-ellos/ellas están tristes = they are sad, (plural).
(3) el/ella está  elegante =  he/she is, (singular).
—-ellos/ellas están  elegantes = they are elegant, (plural).
(4) eso está fácil = this is easy, (singular).
—-esos están fáciles = these are easy, (plural).
(5) esta está difícil = that is difficult / hard, (singular).
—-estas están difíciles = those are difficult / hard, (plural).

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